Between the two vast barrier islands of Mulgumpin (Moreton ISland) and Minjerribah (North Stradbroke Isalnd) and the mainland is Moreton Bay. Formed over 6,000 years ago as sea levels rose and inundated what was then the floodplains of the Brisbane River. With a tidal range between 1.5 and 2 metres, the mostly shallow waters of Moreton Bay filters light through to the seafloor, allowing flora and fauna to proliferate.
Following the international Ramsar Convention held in Brisbane in 1977, 110,000h was deigned a Ramsar site; its ecology is extremely varied, ranging from perched freshwater lakes and sedge swamps on the offshore sand islands, to intertidal mudflats, marshes, sand flats and mangroves next to the Bay’s islands and the mainland. This variety enhances the Bay’s biological diversity with an overlap of wildlife species normally considered tropical or temperate. (Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Queensland, 2018). The extensive Mangrove and tidal flats provide a nursery for fish and crustaceans, and also support birds and other marine life. The sand flats provide roosting sites for migratory birds.
‘Environmental art’ refers to wide range of artistic practices both historical approaches to nature and more recent politically and ecologically motivated types of work. The expression of ‘ecological art’ relates more specifically to the art that integrates the reflections of scientific ecology or deep ecology into artistic work.