Darwin and Plutichik’s EMOTIONS

Plutchik proposed that ‘basic’ emotions of anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust, and joy. are biologically primitive and have evolved in order to increase the reproductive fitness of the animal. Plutchik argues each of these emotions are a trigger to behaviour with high survival value, such as the way fear inspires the fight-or-flight response.

Plutchik’s psychoevolutionary theory of basic emotions has ten postulates.

– The concept of emotion is applicable to all evolutionary levels and applies to all animals including humans.

– Emotions have an evolutionary history and have evolved various forms of expression in different species.

– Emotions served an adaptive role in helping organisms deal with key survival issues posed by the environment.

– Despite different forms of expression of emotions in different species, there are certain common elements, or prototype patterns, that can be identified.

– There is a small number of basic, primary, or prototype emotions.

– All other emotions are mixed or derivative states; that is, they occur as combinations, mixtures, or compounds of the primary emotions.

– Primary emotions are hypothetical constructs or idealized states whose properties and characteristics can only be inferred from various kinds of evidence.

– Primary emotions can be conceptualized in terms of pairs of polar opposites.

– All emotions vary in their degree of similarity to one another.

– Each emotion can exist in varying degrees of intensity or levels of arousal.

“Basic Emotions–Plutchik”. Personalityresearch.org. Retrieved 1 September 2017.

Darwins The expressions of the emotions in man and animals was a landmark work which is still used as a source.[2] The following list is taken from the chapter-headings in the book.

  • Suffering and weeping
  • Low spirits, anxiety, grief, dejection, despair
  • Joy, high spirits, love, tender feelings, devotion
  • Reflection, meditation, ill-temper, sulkiness, determination
  • Hatred and anger
  • Disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation and negation
  • Surprise, astonishment, fear, horror
  • Self-attention, shame, shyness, modesty, blushing.

The book is famous as being the first scientific book which used photographs as a major part of the evidence. Emotions, he decided, were behavioural traits which evolved. Darwin pointed out how the human face is adapted to show many of these emotions: it has muscles for facial movements which are not possible in other mammals. On the other hand, other mammals do have ways of showing many of these emotions.

Retrieved from https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_emotions March 18, 2018

Call to Action March 7, 2018


TAG – Call to ACTION

To all Members (and friends) of the Toondah Action Group (TAG)

This Wednesday morning our Council will consider the community petition to stop the Toondah PDA. That is the time to rally (from 9am) and exercise our democratic rights to inform Council what we think about their stance on Toondah.

This action was foreshadowed last week and we asked TAG members to “pencil in the date, place and time so we can show Councillors the level of community anxiety and opposition to the Toondah scheme.

The council is considering what can only be described as a feeble report on the petition.  The Report has been complied by the Redlands Investment Corporation and does no justice to the matters at hand or for the Councillors supposedly considering a community petition, a petition signed by over 1400 people.

The stop Toondah rally will be on Wednesday….7th March 2018.
When: 9- 9:30 am (in advance of the actual meeting)
Where: In front of the Redland City Council Chambers, in Bloomfield Street Cleveland
What to bring: a pair of Gum boots or walking boots (or even old shoes) to wave  and show we want to give Walker’s the BOOT (a good photo shoot).

Who should attend:  Any one concerned about the 3600 apartments planned for Toondah Harbour, the delayed upgrade of the port facilities, the impacts on the Ramsar area and other environmental values, the traffic and congestion in Cleveland and impacts on the existing CBD and so much more. 

Further the deceitful consultation and the poor planning that underpins the current development scheme should be dealt with now to re-start the planning process in a modern and transparent way. The Toondah Development has been poorly planned since its inception but the Report to Council clearly shows the secrecy and commercial commercial-in-confidence arrangements have been used to keep the community in the dark on so many aspects of the scheme.

Color, noise and movement is the order of the day from 9am until 9:30am.  Those wanting to witness the performance of Councillors should then proceed to the Council Chambers.  Other members of TAG may adjourn to Bloomfield Park for a debrief, conversation and a coffee.

Help stop the rort, and fix the port! 

Come along Wednesday for 30 minutes or so! Make a stand our Councillors can’t ignore. 

Steve MacDonald
President Redlands2030

Fragility and Flower

“The first recognition of beauty was one of the most significant events in the evolution of human consciousness. The feelings of joy and love are intrinsically connected to the recognition. Without our fully realising it, flowers would become for us an expression in form of that which is most high, most sacred, and ultimately formless within ourselves. Flowers, more fleeting, more ethereal, more delicate than the plants out of which they emerged, would become like messengers from another realm, like a bridge between the world of physical forms and the formless” (Tolle, E., 2005, p.3)

Tolle, E. (2005) The New Earth. Penguin.

Australian Bush Flower Essence Remedies

“Australia has the world’s oldest and highest number of flowering plants exhibiting tremendous beauty and strength. Also Australia is relatively unpolluted and metaphysically has a very wise, old energy…

The Bush Essences are a system of healing that anyone can use for themselves or prescribe for others. Although Flower Remedies have been used by many cultures for thousands of years, the Australian Bush Flower Essences meet the great need for remedies that help people address the issues of the 21st century – sexuality, communication skills and spirituality to name but a few. The answer to this need (which has come from the Australian plants), has been developed and researched by Naturopath, Ian White, a fifth generation Australian herbalist”.

Retrieved from http://ausflowers.com.au/About March 5, 2018.

Fringed Violet treats damage to the aura caused by trauma or shock, grief or distress. It maintains psychic protection for those who are drained by others or take on the physical or emotional imbalances of others.

Crowea is the flower of peace and calm, integration of ones feelings and emotional clarity.

Boab Tree is found only in the Kimberley region of northwest Australia. Boab Essence is understood to release negative family patterns and non family karmic connections.

The essence of Red Helmet Orchid allows sensitivity, respect, consideration and male bonding.

JOURNEYING: Morovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands

Marovo Lagoon is a large saltwater lagoon located in the Solomon Islands, north of Vanuatu and encompasses 700 square kilometers. Protected by a double barrier reef system, Marovo Lagoon is World Heritage listed.

The Solomon Islands are a group of over 600 islands with only six being main islands.

The lagoon is a complex mix of terrestrial and marine habitats. Despite its remarkable environmental integrity ocean acidification has affected Morovo Lagoon, in particuler corals.

Planet earth has become warmer with human behaviour and our industries being prime contributors. Global warming is causing ocean waters to rise and the numbers of cyclones to grow and this has affected the health of coral reefs everywhere, causing spawning season to come one month early this year in Morovo. Coral bleaching occurs when Zooxanthellae (are single-celled dinoflagellates that are able to live in symbiosis with marine invertebrates such as corals, jellyfish, and sea anemones) which are pushed out of there tissue and eventually die – turning the corals white as though they have been bleached.


Reflecting on the Our City Our Culture 2008-2018 Cultural Plan for Redlands…

Memorably, I visited the tiny library at the back of the Point Lookout hall 10 years ago with my small baby to find butchers paper and fat marker pens on a table beckoning responses to questions about arts, culture and community. My opinion was being sort!

The consultative process for the Redland CIty Council Our City Our Culture 2008-2018 was second to none.

Life long friendships were developed and extraordinary collaborations enabled.

On the strength of that consultative process I curated public art in the University of Queensland’s Moreton Bay Research Station (showcasing Quandamooka woman Belinda Close’s work), I built festivals, as multi media artist I collaborated with island people from the sciences and education to rangers, and attracted Arts Queensland, Australia Council for the Arts, philanthropic monies and artists from around the country to the Redlands.

This cultural policy legitimated my earlier arts and cultural practice of several decades spanning Australia and Europe. I was inspired. It was chaperone and I witness to native title determinations on the island in 2011 and the emergence of the Quandamooka Festival, 2015.

The phenomena of ‘artists in residencies’ was mentioned in this document. I made artists’ residencies the seeding and back ground of my work on Minjerriba (North Stradbroke ISland) 2009-2014, in particular with the Lines in the Sand ephemeral arts Festivals.

We respected ‘indigenous protocols and practices’ of caring for Country and embedded it into the fibre of our organisation concerned.

‘Enterprise’ (another noun from the policy) was activated during the Lines in the Sand Festivals with Craig Tapp’s Mulung Art and sand ochre art launching in 2011.

This same year Lines in the Sand ran an event Quandamooka Celebrating and Sharing Culture which gave rise to a renaissance of traditional reed harvesting and weaving on the island and ensuing gallery exhibitions and workshops.

Having laid early ground work in events concerned with culture, country and community, Lines in the Sand deferred to the inaugural Quandamooka Festival in 2015.

The Mudlines artists’ residencies on the Southern Moreton Bay islands are legacy of Lines in the Sand as is Migaloo Press with exhibition proposals current at the Redland Gallery.

Linesinthesand.com.au is a highly credible archive of this ongoing process; curating dynamic and responsive art making committed to local ecology and social change on the small islands of Moreton Bay. This website is a meaty asset to the Redlands filled with  film, galleries, resources and interviews laden with meaning. We created stories of local significance relevant to global audiences and are recognised in the global ephemeral or nature art movement. In 2013 we received good practice recognition from Creative Partnerships Australia and with endorsement from dozens of island businesses effected the typically quiet winter tourism market on the island.

Much of this work is included in scholarly writing by way of my most recent research work with QUT and at international Small Islands of the World Conference in 2017.

I can only hope that the next RCC cultural policy lends itself to inspiring a new generation of artists and cultural workers, seeding and nourishing ideas and building ecologies of creative possibility across its diverse geographic and cultural scapes.

Jo-Anne Fay Duncan